Accountancy Mathematics: Cash Discount (Part 3 of 3)
This is the final part of Cash Discount which dealt with:
- Taking Advantage Of Cash Discount on Partial Payment of Invoices
PARTIAL PAYMENT OF INVOICE & IMPACT ON CASH DISCOUNT |
Very simply, if a buyer pays part of the invoice within the discount period, he can only be entitled for proportionate fraction of the Cash discount that is offered. ILLUSTRATION 1 An invoice dated 2 January 2006 for $6,000 was offered cash discount terms of 1/10, n/30. If the invoice was partly paid $$3,000 on 10 th January 2006, what was the payment after Cash discount? Solution: As the invoice was paid 8 days after the date of the invoice ie within the discount period, the buyer is entitled to the 1% cash discount BUT THIS TIME he has only partly the amount owing ie $3,000 out of total amount of $6,000 Cash discount simply is Discount x Amount due If he had made payment of $5,940 ($6,000-$60), he would have received the total Cash discount $60(0.01x$6,000) As he has only partly ie $3,000 His proportionate fraction entitlement of the Cash discount: =3,000/(6,000-60) x $60 =$30 Therefore, the amount still owing: =$6,000-($3,000+$15) = $2,985 ILLUSTRATION 2
On 20^{th} January 2006, Mr A bought some goods at $100,000 with cash discount term 3/10,n/30. To pay the invoice on 30 th January, she borrowed the money for 20 days at 10% per annum simple interest. How much did she save by borrowing to take advantage of the discount? Solution: Cash discount = 3% x $100,000 =$3,000 Principal borrowed =$100,000 -$3,000 =$97,000 Credit period = 30 days â€“ 10 days =20 days Simple interest calculation: Principal x interest x time (Prt) =$100,000 x 10% x 20/360 = $555.56 Net amount saved = Cash Discount â€“ Interest = $3,000 -$555.56 = $2,444.44 |
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