- Policies and procedures for credit and collections management should be clearly documented and communicated.
· The credit worthiness of all new credit customers should be evaluated and documented for approvals in the credit assessment forms.
· Credit limits of customers must be approved in accordance with the DOA.
· The credit assessments should include at least two of the following:
- Analysis of customers’ latest available financial statements or credit rating agency’s reviews
- Understanding customers’ management and business
- Personal guarantee
- Site visit
· Credit ratings of one to six should be specified for each customer based on the credit assessments. Customer credit terms and limits should be granted based on the credit ratings.
· Overrides to the credit rules should be approved in accordance with the authority levels.
· Credit assessments for all major customers should be updated annually.
- No delivery order should be generated by the system if the relevant customers had trade debts exceeding either their credit terms or credit limits. Overrides require pre-approval from both the Divisional Director and Finance Manager before the orders can be processed.
Sales, Invoicing and Recording
· Price and volume discounts should be approved in accordance with the authority levels.
· Sales orders should be evaluated to ensure compliance with approved credit limits.
· Outstanding sales orders should be monitored daily for their progress and status.
· All Delivery Orders should be matched with Invoices and Customer’s Purchase Orders.
· All Credit Notes should be supported and approved in accordance with the authority levels.
· There should be sequential control over all Invoices, Credit Notes, Delivery Orders and Goods Returned Notes.
Collections and Bad debts
- Monthly debtors ageing reports showing old debts beyond credit period should be generated for monthly credit review.
- Follow up actions for long outstanding debts should be established and documented during credit review meetings. Follow-up actions should include sending of reminder/warning letters and, ultimately legal letters as a last resort.
- All debtors write-off should be approved by both the Group MD or Group FD in accordance with the DOA.
- Customer statements should be mailed monthly to customers. Disputes must be investigated and resolved within two weeks and monitored by Functional Manager independent of sales function.
Credit Notes Issue
- Credit notes should be approved by Functional Managers independent of sales function.
- Credit notes are sequentially controlled.
- Debtors ageing report should be reconciled to the GL monthly and reviewed by Finance Manager.
Segregation of Duties
- There should be segregation of duties between the following functions:
- Credit control
- Credit notes
- Accounts receivable
Delegation of Authority (DOA)
- The documented DOA should cover the authority to:
- New credit customers
- Credit limits and terms, and overrides to the credit rule
- Sales orders
- Bad debt provision and write-off
- Credit note issues
- Internal Control Checklist/Questionaires/Assessment on Inventory,Logistics And Distribution
- ACCA Approved Employer Programme
- Internal Control Checklist/Questionaires/Assessment On Fixed Assets
- Internal Control Checklist/Questionaires/Assessment On Expenditure Cycle
- Internal Control Checklist/Questionaires/Assessment On Project Management