GLOSSARY of Accounting Terms -P



An entity that has one or more subsidiaries.


The residual amount that remains after expenses (including capital maintenance adjustments, where appropriate) have been deducted from income. Any amount over and above that required to maintain the capital at the beginning of the period is profit.

Profit or loss for the period

A separate line item on the face of the income statement in which all items of income and expense recognised in a period are included unless a Standard or Interpretation requires otherwise.

Property, plant and equipment

Tangible items that:

  1. are held for use in the production or supply of goods or services, for rental to others, or for administrative purposes; and
  2. are expected to be used during more than one period.


A liability of uncertain timing or amount.


The inclusion of a degree of caution in the exercise of the judgements needed in making the estimates required under conditions of uncertainty, such that assets or income are not overstated and liabilities or expenses are not understated.

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